WSL + Ubuntu + ZSH + Hyper终端

文章目录[隐藏]

前言:经过近两年的开发,目前 Windows Subsystem For Linux(以下简称 WSL)已经十分完善,如今记录WSL下的Ubuntu18.04配置过程。使用Hpyer+zsh+ohmyzsh以及插件来达到美观,实用的目的。

Hyper

在Microsoft Store里安装好Ubuntu18.04后,首先要配置好Hyper终端,之后所有的操作都在Hyper内进行。
打开Hyper(参考:Hyper™ 基于JS/HTML/CSS的终端(Terminal)指南),按ctrl+,,找到对应行并更改成如下内容

updateChannel: 'canary',
shell: 'C:\\Windows\\System32\\cmd.exe',
shellArgs: ['--login', '-i', '/c wsl'],

ubuntu

改科大源

Ubuntu默认的源服务器在国外,速度慢,需要vim打开下面这个文件:

vim /etc/apt/sources.list

i,在首行添加如下内容:

deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

输入:wq保存,再

apt-get update
apt-get upgrade

Git全局代理

之后会经常使用到git,但是在国内git太慢,需要配置一下代理(请先本地保证ss等有开放http代理端口,并且为1080,如果不懂,“Git全局代理”这一段跳过

git config --global http.proxy http://127.0.0.1:1080
git config --global https.proxy https://127.0.0.1:1080

或者仅代理github,这样使用国内的git时速度不会变慢:

git config --global http.http://github.com.proxyhttp://127.0.0.1:1080
git config --global https.https://github.com.proxyhttps://127.0.0.1:1080

安装ZSH+Oh My ZSH!

sudo apt-get install zsh -y
sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/master/tools/install.sh)"
chsh -s /bin/zsh

然后让系统默认shell为zsh
vim ~/.bashrc中加入

if [ -t 1 ]; then
exec zsh
fi

或者加入

bash -c zsh

安装screenfetch

实现功能如下

apt-get install -y screenfetch

安装zsh高亮

让命令行高亮的插件

git clone https://github.com/zsh-users/zsh-syntax-highlighting.git ${ZSH_CUSTOM:-~/.oh-my-zsh/custom}/plugins/zsh-syntax-highlighting

Activate the plugin in ~/.zshrc:

plugins=( [plugins...] zsh-syntax-highlighting)
source ~/.zshrc

vim显示行号+自动缩进

vim /etc/vim/vimrc
set nu
set autoindent

安装zsh-autosuggestions语法历史记录插件

自动补全之前输入过的命令,按键补全

git clone https://github.com/zsh-users/zsh-autosuggestions${ZSH_CUSTOM:-~/.oh-my-zsh/custom}/plugins/zsh-autosuggestions

Activate the plugin in ~/.zshrc:

plugins=( [plugins...] zsh-autosuggestions)
source ~/.zshrc

参考

HOW TO | 让自己的终端漂亮得不像实力派
My WSL Setup for Development
How to Install Zsh and Oh My Zsh on Windows 10
Ubuntu 16.04下安装zsh和oh-my-zsh
Windows10安装WSL(Ubuntu子系统)及YouCompleteMe

2 条评论

发表评论

*

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

  • 你好,请问你用wsl安装了oh my zsh 以后 终端卡吗?用vim会卡吗?

  • lz用zsh的时候不会光标错位吗?我的hyper+oh_my_zsh打字打着打着光标就错位了,bash没问题